A definition of web hosting
As its name signifies, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting web content. There are various varieties and kinds of hosting, based on the goals and on the objectives. Yet, they all involve hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the Internet. A host is in fact a hosting server that is linked to the World Wide Web and has its very own Internet Protocol address, which enables users to have access to it through the World Wide Web. The web hosting server's configuration and its system resources are determined by the sort of hosting solution it will be used for.
What are the different types of hosting?
Based on the function, the hosting solution may be:
File Hosting - this form of hosting permits the clients to host their files on a specific hosting server. With the conventional file web hosting solution, the files that are accommodated may only be accessed by the individual that's availing of the service. This hosting solution normally refers to backups of personal computers , documents, personal files and even other web servers. This solution may also contain certain restrictions when it comes to the web space and the root-level access. There may also be traffic quota limits, but that is dependent on the actual web hosting provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting solution is very similar to the previous hosting service form. In spite of that, in contrast with the file hosting service, the warez hosting service is utilized for propagating copyrighted content without being given the green light by the license keeper. In short - it pertains to the unauthorized distribution of files and materials. There are lots of ways for this to be completed, but the two main ways are - through plain Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and via peer-to-peer connections. The first approach entails either a specific web page, or, most often, just a directory on a hosting server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thus download copyrighted materials free of charge. The second approach entails a peer-to-peer connection, using the so-called Torrent servers, through which people transmit files between each other. There are not many site hosting corporations that allow such form of hosting on their hosting servers, chiefly owing to all the legal problems that it entails. Usually such websites are hosted on personal dedicated web hosting servers that are registered by third-party enterprises either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Electronic Mail Web Hosting - this solution is applicable with both shared web page hosting and dedicated web servers, depending on the customer's wish. If you wish to run your own personal SMTP mail server, then you will require either a virtual private web server or a dedicated hosting server that offers the access level required to accomplish such an operation. For typical mail web hosting purposes, however, you can utilize a regular shared web hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain name. This is not a solution that's widely famous, because the site hosting and the mail hosting services are being served by 2 different web servers, usually belonging to different providers.
Web Site Hosting - the most famous and universally utilized hosting service now. It's used for hosting site files, whose sort is determined by the OS the server is making use of - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files necessitate concrete hosting server OSs, or else they won't be shown correctly on the Internet. This form of web hosting may include web storage and traffic restrictions, server root access and central processing unit usage limits.
Based on the mission and on the objectives, the customer should pick the type of hosting server that he requires for his project, and, of course, the web space hosting supplier that's going to furnish it. There are various types of web hosting servers, based on the specs and the web hosting services that they provide. These are:
Shared Website Hosting Server - a shared web server includes a smaller quantity of resources, which, of course, is manifested in the price of the service. It can be used for hosting small size and middle sized sites, which do not require considerable quantities of storage space and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated Hosting - they function on the very same principle as the shared web page hosting servers. In spite of that, there are much less clients hosted on the same web server. Because of that, each of them will get a larger share of the web server's resources like RAM, web storage space, bandwidth and CPU. Excellent for hosting huge websites that do not require complete root-level access.
Virtual Private Server - the virtual private web servers are excellent for medium size web pages, which do require root-level access to the web hosting server's config files. Traditionally, there are a number of private virtual web server accounts accommodated on the same machine. In spite of that, each of them is isolated from the others and has its own Operating System.
Dedicated Servers Hosting - a fully dedicated machine configured and accessed by you and only you. It guarantees an immense amount of system resources. It also offers complete root access, which makes it the optimal solution for any kind of web site that needs a website hosting service.
The sole question that remains is:
Which site hosting provider should I opt for?
As mentioned above, there are very few hosting companies providing warez web hosting solutions because of judicial predicaments. Such companies are being shut down virtually every month. Because of that, if you would like to establish such a service, you should do it on your very own computer. The shared website hosting service is the most famous type of web hosting service. Hence, each hosting firm provides it. Not all of them, though, offer solutions such as private virtual servers, semi-dedicated web servers and dedicated web servers. Most of the smaller hosting providers do not have the means required for maintaining those services. Hence it's invariably best to settle on a larger hosting company that can supply its clients with all the solutions that they request. You can quickly recognize such hosts by the types of services that they are making available and by the way that they introduce them to the clientele. For instance, certain providers permit you to start with a small scale web site hosting account and subsequently upgrade to a bigger one, if you find it obligatory to do so. This is very suitable, because you do not need to transmit web sites between hosting servers and there is no chance of suffering downtime because of all the problems that may show up. Web hosts like Free Hostia offer all kinds of services and have the necessary web hosting server resources and personnel to guarantee that their customers will not experience any problems when changing services, which is what a top hosting corporation is in fact all about.